History

History

  • Khachmaz is one of ancient settlement of Azerbaijan, the status district got in 1930. The city of Khachmaz was the urban-type settlement. In 1963 Khachmaz district was reorganized and his territory was given to Quba and Qusar districts. The district was reestablished in 1965. Khachmaz district locates on north-east of Azerbaijan. The part of Samur-Deveci basin relates to the territory of Khachmaz. The district is edged by Russia on north. On the territory of the District passes the main automobile road and railway. (Baku-Moscow 20.800 qa). The territory is covered by forest array. There run 8 rivers (having 3 channels ) in Khachmaz. The climate is moderate, has thermal-mineral springs, the flora of the district is rich by herbal remedies and scrubs such as dog-rose, hawthorn and Melissa. There are good conditions for hunting, fishery and act the society of hunters in the district. Gulalan lake as a reserve locates in reduction of this society. The denomination of Khachmaz is connected once lived here by "Xacmatka" tribes related to militant Huns then ostensibly he transformed to Khachmaz. Since the mid-7th century Khachmaz have often been met in source. In the second half of 7th century this tribe relocated to modern Oquz district built the village and castle Khachmaz there. Military and predatory raids to ancient Azerbaijani states passed across Khachmaz. Even in the 7th-6th centuries BC to block the way to enemies were built castle and gates Vabu-Abvab in Arabic (gate to gate that is iron gate, the Derbent gate). This gate has blocked the way to enemy for a long time. In 5th century during the reign of Sassanian ruler Yezdeqerd on Derbent pass to block the way to enemies were built stone fortress. Those who managed to destroy the military system turned up on fertile and rich land of Azerbaijan. This ways managed to move Skythian, Alan, Khazars, Vaults. During the archeological sites in Khachmaz district were identified graves, relating to Bronze Age and also here were found tools of hunting and labor relating to Bronze Age. The ancient city- fortress Khudat (Khudat denotes Divine gift) locates in Khachmaz. There are more than 60 historical and materially-cultural monuments which is protected by the state. The most ancient material monuments are Serkerli, Mollaburxan,Khilovli,Kharajik, khasanqala relating to the bronze period, barrows and settlement. Also on the territory of the district near to the villages of Djanahir and Bostanchi have revealed settlements relating to Middle Ages. To numerous historical and material monuments relate Mosque built in the 20th century in the Villages of Moroqub, built in Karakurt Mosque - Shakh Abbas's Madrasah relating to the 15th - 17th centuries and Yusif's Mosque in Shiklar 15th century. Unfinished in 1900- 1903 railway station and water tower. Unfinished on means of philanthropist Z. Taqiyev in 1900-1913s Shollar reservoir and Shollar water pipe supplying Baku the water, on technical aspects it works to this day. There also protect and develop the creation in the district. There is a faculty of carpet weaving in the Lyceum of Khachmaz. Tourists will be interested to look, how our master piece by piece collect a work of art is famous all over the world storing in all larger museums of the world. The most famous rest zone " Nabran" also locates in Khachmaz district. Nabran is known by its sandy coast and beautiful forest array, fabulous tourist bases and sandy coast is the beauty of the nature. Charming expanse of of worm sea worry and comfort satisfy the most demanding and capricious tourists. The first municipal elections were carried out in 1999y the district was divided on 61 municipalities. On elections in 2004 the number of municipalities made up to 83. In 2014 in 2 cities and in 2 villages and in 69 towns to municipality were elected 592 people.

     
     
 
 
 
 

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